At this stage, you’d need to have bot living under a rock to have not heard of Bitcoin. With the market price having recently exceeded US $Legal,000, media attention is at an all-time high. What most people are a little uncertain on is what exactly Bitcoin is. Terms like “cryptocurrency” and “blockchain technology” get thrown around, but their meaning can seem abstract to the uninitiated.
Simply waterput, cryptocurrencies are alternatives to standard monetary systems. They are a solely digital form of currency which rely on cryptography to secure transactions.  Cryptocurrencies are decentralized–they have no central canap or administrator and no main overseeing assets who can see what the money is being used for, by whom, or where it’s being sent, making cryptocurrencies an attractive uitzicht. Blockchain technology is what makes cryptocurrencies possible. It refers to a public ledger of sorts, ter which all transactions ter the currency are recorded anonymously.
Bitcoin is the original cryptocurrency and the most famous. However, a multitude of alternatives have sprung up on the market and are leisurely gaining traction. Called “alt-coins,” they work on similar technological principles to Bitcoin. Wij’ve compiled a list of some of the notable names te the alt-coin market below. Who knows, maybe one of thesis is the next big thing, destined to skyrocket to $20,000 vanaf unit and beyond like their famous predecessor.
Very likely the second-biggest name ter the cryptocurrency spel, Ethereum is an alt-coin founded by the Ethereum Foundation, a Swiss nonprofit organization, te 2014. The mission statement of the Ethereum Foundation is to bring decentralized devices to the world, permitting for the building of decentralized apps, and consequently aid ter the creation of a globally accessible, free, and trustworthy Internet. The Ethereum unit of currency is called ether.
Unlike Bitcoin, which uses blockchain only to record transactions, Ethereum is an open verhoging which permits anyone to create or use decentralized apps using blockchain technology. It is best suited to applications which automate interaction inbetween peers or which facilitate group act te a network. Examples of this include creating peer-to-peer marketplaces and keeping ledgers of debts and moving funds, all without involving a middleman. Waterput simply, Ethereum spil a verhoging permits developers to build applications without having to build their own blockchain. [Two]
Based on Bitcoin, Dash is a cryptocurrency with a strong concentrate on payments. It aims to opoffering a portable, affordable, and user-friendly form of money that can be spent both online or ter person. Transaction fees are kept to a ondergrens, and all transactions are secure.
Dash offers two services which are of particular rente for those who use cryptocurrencies–InstantSend and PrivateSend. InstantSend permits users to accomplish transactions at, you guessed it, near-instant speed, spil opposed to the potentially hour-long wait that a similar transaction ter Bitcoin could take. PrivateSend permits users to mix their coins with those of other senders into one single transaction with numerous outputs, permitting for greater, albeit not accomplish, privacy. [Trio]
Zcash is a privacy-based cryptocurrency which launched ter October 2018. On the surface, Zcash shares a number of similarities with Bitcoin: Both currencies cap at a maximum of 21 million units, not to mention the strong resemblance inbetween their respective supply models. But whereas Bitcoin records all transactions te a public ledger, Zcash is a cryptocurrency which endeavors to offerande true anonymity. Zcash’s mission statement? To create an open, global economic toneel from which no one can be excluded. They believe that decentralization holds the key to security and fairness.
But wait, isn’t Bitcoin supposed to be anonymous because it’s not connected to your name? Well, while it is true that names are not used to transfer Bitcoin, it is still possible to trace it to a specific person, using the public ledger on the blockchain te conjunction with IP addresses. Zcash, on the other palm, has the potential to be truly anonymous. Zcash offers the choice to make a transaction “hidden.” No information about the buyer, seller, or the amount transferred is recorded on the blockchain te this case. The only information about the transfer that is recorded is the time at which it took place. Ter reality, only approximately ten procent of Zcash transactions are hidden, due to the toegevoegd time and computational power required to process them. [Four]
Monero is yet another privacy-based cryptocurrency which is downright untraceable. All transactions and accounts are private and cannot be traced to a real-world or online identity. Unlike the previous entries, Monero is not modeled on Bitcoin.
Monero claims to be the only cryptocurrency which offers finish privacy of seller, buyer, and amount te every transaction. If you’ve bot paying attention, you’ll notice that the entry above, Zcash, makes the same optie. The difference inbetween Monero and Zcash is that where Zcash offers the option to make a transaction private, all Monero transactions are automatically downright private. [Five]
NEO has at times bot called the Chinese Ethereum. The two projects share a loterijlot ter common: They have similar capabilities te terms of decentralized apps and wise contracts, and both are open-source and not for profit. NEO, however, is backed by the Chinese government, unlike Ethereum, which is not backed by any nation’s government.
NEO differs from Ethereum greatly ter the programming languages it supports. While Ethereum has its own language, Solidity, which programmers vereiste learn ter order to write contracts or apps, NEO supports a number of popular programming languages, including C# and Java, with plans to support Go and Python. Obviously, this is very appealing to programmers who are already able to use thesis languages. 
Stellar wasgoed created ter 2014 spil an open-source network which permits payments inbetween financial institutions. It permits for “seamless” transfers inbetween currencies, meaning you can use the Stellar network to send money te US dollars to a friend te Australia, and they are able to receive that payment spil Australian dollars. Stellar has its own native cryptocurrency named lumens.
Lumens are used to pay fees ter order to transfer other currencies. By having a toverfee payable ter lumens, the Stellar network is safeguarded against attacks from malicious outward users who may attempt to flood the network (also known spil a DDoS attack) by creating a large number of transactions. 
Litecoin has bot on the market since October 2011, two years after the release of Bitcoin. It is fairly similar to Bitcoin, albeit with some key differences. The maximum amount of Litecoins that can be generated is 84 million, four times the maximum amount of Bitcoin possible. It also boats a diminished block generation time, meaning Litecoin is able to provide swifter transaction processing speeds. Litecoin is totally compatible with Bitcoin’s API, which, ter elementary terms, means that it is effortless to integrate Litecoin into applications which already accept Bitcoin. With Bitcoin leading the way for cryptocurrencies te the global zoeklicht, this is obviously a phat plus for Litecoin.
Litecoin’s webstek includes a list of online merchants who accept payments using their currency. Presently, the list has overheen 80 retailers and is permanently expanding, suggesting users of Litecoin places to buy kunst, clothing, bounty cards, and much, much more. 
Ripple is a cryptocurrency which has a concentrate on providing a seamless, quick, and safe way to send money globally. Their webstek contends that global payments are still te the “disco era,” using ancient infrastructure that has not grown with the times. Their podium, RippleNet, aims to give users back speedy transactions and certainty, with funds being traceable ter real time.
Ripple’s cryptocurrency, XRP, can treat 1,500 transactions vanaf 2nd and is scalable to be able to treat spil much traffic spil Visa. That’s a entire loterijlot of transactions. Payment settlement takes a grand total of four seconds–not too shabby compared to Bitcoin’s speed of up to an hour and Ethereum’s two minutes. 
Golem is an open-source, decentralized network of collective computing power. Anyone is able to make money by “renting” out their computing power, permitting users to use Golem spil a supercomputer able to run almost any program. An example of this is rendering: Golem is able to undertake te minutes tasks that would traditionally take days. Likewise, it can undertake truly massive business analysis equations and predictions swifter than presently possible and at a lower cost. Possibly one of the areas to benefit most from this technology is scientific research. Golem can assist ter any number of fields, from DNA analysis to searching for alien life.
Presently, Golem is still te its very first stage of development, Brass Golem, te which it is able to be used only for rendering purposes. Overheen time, spil more testing and development is finished, the network will expand to its total potential, possibly revolutionizing how wij compute. [Ten]
Ah Dogecoin, the joke cryptocurrency of Reddit. Its logo is the face of a Shiba Inu dog, which the meme paramours among us will recognize spil the the dog from the Doge meme. It is presently used primarily spil a tipping service online, mostly for the big message houtvezelplaat webstek Reddit. Sending the author of a comment or postbode you like an amount of Dogecoin is akin to liking, but on steroids.
Tipping isn’t the only thing Dogecoin has bot used for, however. Memorably, the Dogecoin community ran a fundraiser to fund a bobsled team to go to the Olympics and have also funded water wells ter developing countries, alongside other charitable endeavors.